Journal of Medical Surgical and Allied Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1 : 1-7. Doi : 10.37446/jmedsurg/rsa/1.1.2023.1-7
Research Article

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Dec-2023

Evaluation of fungi contamination of fruits and vegetables

  • Uka-Okali Angela Juliet
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo state University, Nigeria.
  • Ozims Stanley James
  • Federal Medical Center Umuahia, .
  • Eberendu I F
  • Department of Public Health, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria.
  • Uka Kalu Okali
  • Federal Medical Center Umuahia, Nigeria.
  • Kalu Joy
  • Department of Public Health, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: The study investigated fruit and vegetable contamination by fungi in Abia State's three senatorial zones. That was being studied experimentally.  

Methods: Based on the appearance, structure, and features of the colonies, the microbial content of 360 sample sizes of fruits and vegetables were gathered from various markets throughout the state.

Results: Five different fungal isolates showed different levels of prevalence.: Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium Solani, Rhizopus stolonifer and Penicillium citrinum. Aspergillus niger and Fusarium Solani had the broadest distribution as they were isolated from the three zones and in five markets except Ekeamiyi Market: Aspergillus niger was the most prevalent among the samples analysed. Aspergillus flavus was the highest occurring in Abia South (38%), Aspergillus niger was most prevalent in Abia central ( 35%) and North (28%) occurrence rates. Fusarium Solani was the second most prevalent in Abia central and South (24%) and (25%) occurrence in samples analysed. Penicillium citrinum was the second highest prevalent isolate in Abia North (23%) but was the last in the zone (8%) in South. Rhizopus stolonifer was highest in South (19%) and least in South (12%).

Conclusion: There was no significant statistical difference in occurrence of fungal isolates in the three Senatorial zones of Abia State.

Keywords

fungi, contamination, fruits, vegetables, Abia state

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