Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 9, Issue 2 : 1-4. Doi : 10.37446/jinagri/rsn/9.2.2022.1-4
Research Note

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 30-Jun-2022

Adaptability study and yield performance of food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

  • Workineh Mekasa Buli
  • Researcher/Cereal Breeder, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ambo Agricultural Research Center (AARC), Ethiopia.

Abstract

A total of ten food barley varieties were evaluated to study their adaptability and yield performance and the combined analysis showed significant differences (p<0.001). Varieties HB-1966 and EH-1493 showed promising results and preferred among the tested varieties. The combined over locations’ grain yield of the varieties ranged from 1589 to 2689 Kg ha-1, while the range was from 1589 to 4713 Kg ha-1. This shows that how big the effect of the environment is on the yield of the varieties. The highest grain yield was recorded for HB-1966 followed by EH-1493, where the lowest yield was recorded for Harbu variety. The principal component analysis of the varieties studied showed that the first two PCAs accounted for 85.17% of the total variability in grain yield. Genotypes 2, 5 and 7 are located near the concentric circle and are likely to be stable among the varieties studied.

Keywords

adaptability, food barley, yield, principal component analysis

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