Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 7, Issue 3 : 1-9. Doi : 10.37446/jinagri/ra/7.3.2020.1-9
Research Article

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 30-Sep-2020

An overview of the genetics and cytogenetics of Jatropha curcas L. for its improvement

  • Paramathma M
  • Centre of Excellence in Biofuels, Forest College & Research Institute (TNAU), Mettupalayam, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • R Sasikala
  • Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • N Manivanan
  • Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • K T Parthiba
  • Centre of Excellence in Biofuels, Forest College & Research Institute (TNAU), Mettupalayam, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • M Kiruba
  • Centre of Excellence in Biofuels, Forest College & Research Institute (TNAU), Mettupalayam, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Jatropha curcas, an ingenious source for providing biodiesel is becoming a god given crop to sustain the energy requirements in the years to come. Biodiesel, an alternative diesel fuel, is made from renewable biological sources such as vegetable oil and animal fats. Though many non edible oilseeds are available, Jatropha curcas L. is recognized as the most potential species for biodiesel production since its seed contains high oil (30 to 38%) and could be grown under different land use situations. India is fifth in the world in terms of fossil fuel consumption which amounts to 40 million tones of diesel and hence there is imperative need for identifying and utilizing plant species that are capable of yielding biodiesel. Centre of excellence in biofuels at TNAU concentrates on the breeding, agronomic and systematic evaluation of seed/ hybrid clones for oil yield maximization. An earnest attempt is made to summarize available information on Jatropha genetics, cytogenetics, genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance, association of traits and molecular approaches, interspecific hybridization programmes and prospects of tissue culture, mutation and transgenic breeding for further crop improvement to provide comprehensive understanding on complete exploitation of Jatropha.

Keywords

biofuel, cytogenetics, energy, genetics, jatropha

References

  • Aiyelaagbe, O. O., Adesogan, K., Ekundayo, O., & Gloer, J. B. (2007). Antibacterial diterpenoids from Jatropha podagrica Hook. Phytochemistry, 68(19), 2420-2425.

    Allard, R. W., & Wiley, J. (1960). Principles of Plant Breeding.

    Antonovics, J. (1971). The effects of a heterogeneous environment on the genetics of natural populations: The realization that environments differ has had a profound effect on our views of the origin and role of genetic variability in populations. American Scientist, 59(5), 593-599.

    Ashoke, B., Kalyani, D., & Datta, S. K. (2005). Floral biology, floral resource constraints and pollination limitation in Jatropha curcas L. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(3), 456-460.

    Bajpai, A., Srivastava, N., Rajan, S., & Chandra, R. (2008). Genetic diversity and discrimination of mango accessions using RAPD and ISSR markers. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 65(4), 377-382.

    Bakliwal, N., Joshi, A., Mehta, S.L., Khandelwal, S. K. (2007) Molecular characterization of Jatropha cultivar of Arawali hill of Mewar region. Int J  Trop Agric, 25 (3), 591-598.

    Baldwin, J. J. (1939). Chromosomes from leaves. Science, 90(2332), 240-240.

    Basha, S. D., & Sujatha, M. (2007). Inter and intra-population variability of Jatropha curcas (L.) characterized by RAPD and ISSR markers and development of population-specific SCAR markers. Euphytica, 156(3), 375-386.

    Bhatt, D., & Reddy, T. P. (1981). Correlations and path analysis in castor (Ricinus communis). Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology, 23(3), 525-531.

    Botstein, D., White, R. L., Skolnick, M., & Davis, R. W. (1980). Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. American journal of human genetics, 32(3), 314.

    Campbell, R. K. (1979). Genecology of Douglas‐fir in a watershed in the Oregon Cascades. Ecology, 60(5), 1036-1050.

    Carvalho, C. R., Clarindo, W. R., Praça, M. M., Araújo, F. S., & Carels, N. (2008). Genome size, base composition and karyotype of Jatropha curcas L., an important biofuel plant. Plant Science, 174(6), 613-617.

    Das, S., Misra, R. C., Mahapatra, A. K., Gantayat, B. P., & Pattnaik, R. K. (2010). Genetic variability, character association and path analysis in Jatropha curcas. World Applied Sciences Journal, 8(11), 1304-1308.

    Dehgan, B. (1984). Phylogenetic significance of interspecific hybridization in Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae). Systematic Botany, 467-478.

    Dewey, D. R., & Lu, K. (1959). A Correlation and Path‐Coefficient Analysis of Components of Crested Wheatgrass Seed Production 1. Agronomy journal, 51(9), 515-518.

    Dhillon, R. S., Bisla, S. S., & Bangarwa, K. S. (1992). Correlation and Path Coefficient Studies in Morphological Characters of Shisham (Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb.). MYFOREST, 28, 349-349.

    Divakara, B. N., Upadhyaya, H. D., Wani, S. P., & Gowda, C. L. (2010). Biology and genetic improvement of Jatropha curcas L.: a review. Applied Energy, 87(3), 732-742.

    Dwimahyani, I. (2004). Induced Mutation on Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas L.) for Improvement of Agronomic Characters Variability. Atom Indonesia, 30(2), 53-60.

    Eldridge, K., Davidson, J., Harwood, C., & Wyk, G. V. (1994). Eucalypt domestication and breeding. Clarendon Press.

    Ellis, J. L. (1961). A new species of Jatropha from South India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 58, 834-836.

    Fairless, D. (2007). Biofuel: the little shrub that could-maybe. Nature News, 449(7163), 652-655.

    Frakes, R. V., Davis, R. L., & Patterson, F. L. (1961). The Breeding behavior of Yield and Related Variables in Alfalfa. II. Associations Between Characters 1. Crop Science, 1(3), 207-209.

    Franklin, E. C. (1979). Model relating levels of genetic variance to stand development of four North American conifers. Silvae genetica, 28(5-6), 207-212.

    Ghosh, L., & Singh, L. (2011). Variation in seed and seedling characters of Jatropha curcas L. with varying zones and provenances. Tropical Ecology, 52(1), 113-122.

    Ginwal, H. S., Phartyal, S. S., Rawat, P. S., & Srivastava, R. L. (2005). Seed source variation in morphology, germination and seedling growth of Jatropha curcas Linn. in central India. Silvae genetica, 54(1-6), 76-80.

    Ginwal, H. S., Rawat, P. S., & Srivastava, R. L. (2004). Seed source variation in growth performance and oil yield of Jatropha curcas Linn. in central India. Silvae Genetica, 53(1-6), 186-192.

    Gohil, R. H., & Pandya, J. B. (2012). Genetic diversity assessment in physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.). International Journal of Plant Production, 2(4), 321-326.

    Gupta, S., Srivastava, M., ... & Singh, R. (2008). Analogy of ISSR and RAPD markers for comparative analysis of genetic diversity among different Jatropha curcas genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(23).

    Gupta, S., Srivastava, M., Mishra, G. P., ... & Singh, R. (2008). Analogy of ISSR and RAPD markers for comparative analysis of genetic diversity among different Jatropha curcas genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(23).

    Heller, J. (1992). Studies on genotypic characteristics and propagation and cultivation methods for physic nuts (Jatropha curcas L.).

    Heller, J. (1996). Physic nut, Jatropha curcas L (Vol. 1). Bioversity international.

    Kaushik, N., Kumar, K., Kumar, S., Kaushik, N., & Roy, S. (2007). Genetic variability and divergence studies in seed traits and oil content of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) accessions. Biomass and Bioenergy, 31(7), 497-502.

    Kedharnath, S., & Vakshasya, R. K. (1978). Estimates of components of variance, heritability and correlations among some growth parameters in Eucalyptus tereticornis. In 3. World Consultation on Forest Tree Breeding, Canberra (Australia), 21 Mar 1977. CSIRO.

    Kochhar, S., Kochhar, V. K.,..& Pushpangadan, P. (2005). Differential rooting and sprouting behaviour of two Jatropha species and associated physiological and biochemical changes. Current science, 89(6), 936-939.

    Krawczyk, T. (1996). Biodiesel-alternative fuel makes inroads but hurdles remain. inform, 7, 801-815.

    Kumar, A., & Gurumurthi, K. (1998). Genetic assessment of clonal material of Casuarina equisetifolia. Indian forester, 124(3), 237-242.

    Kumar, R. S., Parthiban, K. T., & Rao, M. G. (2009). Molecular characterization of Jatropha genetic resources through inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Molecular biology reports, 36(7), 1951-1956.

    Kumar, R. V., Tripathi, Y. K., Shukla, P., Ahlawat, S. P., & Gupta, V. K. (2009). Genetic diversity and relationships among germplasm of Jatropha curcas L. revealed by RAPDs. Trees, 23(5), 1075-1079.

    Kumar, S., Parimallam, R., Arjunan, M. C., & Vijayachandran, S. N. (2003, August). Variation in Jatropha curcas seed characteristics and germination. In Proceeding of the national workshop on Jatropha and other perennial oilseed species. Pune, India (pp. 63-6).

    Lacaze, J. F. (1978). Advances in species and provenance selection. Unasylva.

    Levin, Y., Sherer, Y., Bibi, H., Schlesinger, M., & Hay, E. (2000). Rare Jatropha multifida intoxication in two children. The Journal of emergency medicine, 19(2), 173-175.

    Lush, J.L. (1973). Animal breeding plan. Iowa state college press Ames, Iowa. 47.

    Manifesto, M. M., Schlatter, A. R., Hopp, H. E., Suárez, E. Y., & Dubcovsky, J. (2001). Quantitative evaluation of genetic diversity in wheat germplasm using molecular markers. Crop science, 41(3), 682-690.

    Martin, G., & Mayeux, A. (1985). Curcas oil (Jatropha curcas L.): a possible fuel. Agric. Trop, 9, 73-75.

    Mignouna, H. D., Ikea, J., Thottapilly, G., & Ng, N. Q. (1998). Genetic diversity in cowpea as revealed by random amplified polymorphic DNA [RAPD-Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]. Journal of Genetics & Breeding (Italy).

    Mukta, N., Murthy, I. Y. L. N., & Nagaraj, G. (2009). Collection and identification of potential tree borne oilseeds germplasm in Andhra Pradesh.

    Namkoong, G., & Conkle, M. T. (1976). Time trends in genetic control of height growth in ponderosa pine. Forest Science, 22(1), 2-12.

    Namkoong, G., Usanis, R. A., & Silen, R. R. (1972). Age-related variation in genetic control of height growth in Douglas-fir. Theoretical and applied Genetics, 42(4), 151-159.

    Nesamani K. (2005). Studies on seed sources, micropropagation and molecular characterization of sex specificity in Simarouba glauca DC; M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

    Nienstaedt, H. (1976). Adaptive variation--manifestations in tree species and uses in forest management and tree improvement. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC.

    Oduola, T., Adeosun, G. O., Oduola, T. A., Avwioro, G. O., & Oyeniyi, M. A. (2005). Mechanism of action of Jatropha gossypifolia stem latex as a haemostatic agent.

    Openshaw, K. (2000). A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass and bioenergy, 19(1), 1-15.

    Pamidiamarri, D. S., Pandya, N., Reddy, M. P., & Radhakrishnan, T. (2009). Comparative study of interspecific genetic divergence and phylogenic analysis of genus Jatropha by RAPD and AFLP. Molecular biology reports, 36(5), 901-907.

    Panse, V. G., & Sukhatme, P. V. (1957). Genetics of quantitative characters in relation to plant breeding. Indian J. Genet, 17(2), 318-328.

    Paramathama, M. (1992). Studies On Genetic Inheritance In Interspecific Crosses Of Eucalyptus (Doctoral dissertation, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University; Coimbatore).

    Paramathma M. (2020). Genetic interaction of physiological traits in Eucalyptus species. Journal of Innovative Agriculture, 7(1), 5-8.

    M. Paramathma, P. Jayamani, K.T. Parthiban, & M. Kiruba. (2020). Conservation and management in genetic resources of biofuel crops. Journal of Innovative Agriculture, 7(2), 1-4.

    Paramathma M, Reeja S, Parthiban KT, Malarvizhi D. Development of interspecific hybrids in Jatropha. Biodiesel Conference Towards Energy Independence-Focus on Jatropha. 2006b; 136-142.

    Paramathma M, Venkatachalam P, Sampathrajan A, Vairavan K, Jude Sudhagar R, Parthiban KT, Subramanian P, Kulanthaisamy S. Cultivation of Jatropha and Biodiesel Production.; Centre of excellence in Biofuels, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, 2006a.

    Paramathma M, Venkatachalam P, Sampathrajan A. Jatropha improvement, management and production of biodiesel. 2007. Pub: Centre of Excellence in Biofules, Argicutural College and Research Institute, Tamilnanu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. 170.

    Paramathma, M., Parthiban, K.T, Neelakantan, K.S,. 2004. Jatropha curcas, Bharat press, Mettupalayam, Tamil Nadu, 1-45.

    Paroda, R.S., Dangi, O.P. & Grewal, R.P.S. (1975). Correlation and path analysis in forage sorghum. Sorghum Newsletter, 27: 16-17.

    Parthiban, K. T., Kirubashankkar, R., Paramathma, M., Subbulakshmi, V., Thiyagarajan, P., Vennila, S., ... & Durairasu, P. (2011). Genetic association studies among growth attributes of Jatropha hybrid genetic resources. International Journal of plant breeding and Genetics, 5(2), 159-167.

    Patil, B. R., Rudraradhya, M., Vijayakumar, C. H. M., Basappa, H., & Kulkarni, R. S. (1996). Correlation and path analysis in sunflower. Journal of oilseeds research, 13, 162-166.

    Prabakaran, A. J., & Sujatha, M. (1999). Jatropha tanjorensis Ellis & Saroja, a natural interspecific hybrid occurring in Tamil Nadu, India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 46(3), 213-218.

    Prakash, A. R., Patolia, J. S., Chikara, J., & Boricha, G. N. (2007, March). Floral biology and flowering behaviour of Jatropha curcas. In Expert seminar on Jatropha curcas L. Agronomy and genetics (pp. 26-28).

    Prasanthi, L., Maheswara, P., Reddy, P. S., Sudhakar, B., Babu, B., & Reddy, R. (2009). Genetic variability and path analysis for yield and yield attributes in Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 26, 230-233.

    Qing Y, Ping PD, Biao DZ, Liang WZ, Xiang SQ, Study on pollination biology of Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae). J South China Agricult Univ 2007; 28(3): 62-6.

    Raju, A. S., & Ezradanam, V. (2002). Pollination ecology and fruiting behaviour in a monoecious species, Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). Current science, 1395-1398.

    Ram, S. G., Parthiban, K. T., Kumar, R. S., Thiruvengadam, V., & Paramathma, M. (2008). Genetic diversity among Jatropha species as revealed by RAPD markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 55(6), 803-809.

    Ramanujam, S., & Rai, B. (1963). Analysis of yield components in Brassica campestris var. yellow sarson. Indian J. Genet, 23, 121-143.

    Ramchandani, M., & Jolly, C. I. (1988). Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies on phyllanthus fraternus webster and jatropha glandulifera ROXB. Indian J. of Pharm.l Sci., 50(5), 276.

    Ranade, S. A., Srivastava, A. P., Rana, T. S., Srivastava, J., & Tuli, R. (2008). Easy assessment of diversity in Jatropha curcas L. plants using two single-primer amplification reaction (SPAR) methods. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32(6), 533-540.

    Ranwah, B.R., Sinha, S.S., Shah, M.A., Lakshyadeep & Bochalya, T.C. (2009). Insitu variability in Physic nut. J. curcas L, J Oilseeds Res, 26, 237-239.

    Rao, G. R., Korwar, G. R., Shanker, A. K., & Ramakrishna, Y. S. (2008). Genetic associations, variability and diversity in seed characters, growth, reproductive phenology and yield in Jatropha curcas (L.) accessions. Trees, 22(5), 697-709.

    Rao, G.R. (2009). Genetic associations and variability in seed characters and growth of Jatorpha curcas L accessions. J Oil seeds Res, 26,  242-245

    Reddy, M. P., Chikara, J., Patolia, J. S., & Ghosh, A. (2007, March). Genetic improvement of Jatropha curcas adaptability and oil yield. In Expert seminar on Jatropha curcas L. Agronomy and genetics (pp. 26-28).

    Rieger, R., Michaelis, A., & Green, M. M. (2012). Glossary of genetics and cytogenetics: classical and molecular. Springer Science & Business Media.

    Rupert, E. A., Dehgan, B., & Webster, G. L. (1970). Experimental Studies of Relationships in the Genus Jatropha. IJ curcas x integerrima. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 321-325.

    Sasikala, R., & Paramathma, M. (2010). Ploidy Level and Basic Chromosome Number in Some Species of Jatropha L. International Journal of Agriculture, Enviornment and Biotechnology, 3(1), 67-70.

    Sekar, I. (2003). Seed storage, seed source variations, molecular characterization and in vitro propagation in Simarouba glauca DC (Doctoral dissertation, Ph. D. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India).

    Shaw, H. A. (1972). The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bulletin, 191-363.

    Singh, R. P. (1970). Structure and development of seeds in Euphorbiaceae: Jatropha species. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen.

    Soller, M., & Beckmann, J. S. (1983). Genetic polymorphism in varietal identification and genetic improvement. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 67(1), 25-33.

    Soontornchainaksaeng, P., & Jenjittikul, T. (2003). Karyology of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), (31), 105-112.

    Sujatha, M. (1996). Genetic and tissue culture studies studies in castor (Ricinus communis L.) and related genera. Osmania University, Hydrabad, India, 295.

    Sujatha, M. & Prabakaran, A.J. (1997). Characterization and utilization of Indian Jatropha. Indian J Pl Genet Resources,10(1), 123-128.

    Sujatha, M., & Prabakaran, A. J. (2003). New ornamental Jatropha hybrids through interspecific hybridization. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50(1), 75-82.

    Sujatha, M., & Prabakaran, A. J. (2003). New ornamental Jatropha hybrids through interspecific hybridization. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50(1), 75-82.

    Sun, Q. B., Li, L. F., Li, Y., Wu, G. J., & Ge, X. J. (2008). SSR and AFLP markers reveal low genetic diversity in the biofuel plant Jatropha curcas in China. Crop Science, 48(5), 1865-1871.

    Sunil, N., Varaprasad, K. S., Sivaraj, N., Kumar, T. S., Abraham, B., & Prasad, R. B. N. (2008). Assessing Jatropha curcas L. germplasm in-situ—a case study. Biomass and bioenergy, 32(3), 198-202.

    Tanaka, Z. (1882). A variation of pine.  Bull. Japanese For Assoc., 7, 251-252.

    Tanksley, S. D., Young, N. D., Paterson, A. H., & Bonierbale, M. W. (1989). RFLP mapping in plant breeding: new tools for an old science. Bio/technology, 7(3), 257-264.

    Tewari, D.N. (2007). Jatropha and biodiesel. 1st ed. New Delhi: Ocean books Ltd., p. 228.

    Tewari, S.K. & Singhania, D.L. (1984). Character association and path analysis in grain sorghum. Sorghum Newsletter, 27: 16-17.

    Wani, S. P., Osman, M., D'Silva, E., & Sreedevi, T. K. (2006). Improved livelihoods and environmental protection through biodiesel plantations in Asia. Asian Biotechnology Development Review, 8(2), 11-29.

    Wen, M., Wang, H., Xia, Z., Zou, M., Lu, C., & Wang, W. (2010). Developmenrt of EST-SSR and genomic-SSR markers to assess genetic diversity in Jatropha Curcas L. BMC research notes, 3(1), 1-8.

    Winter, P., & Kahl, G. (1995). Molecular marker technologies for plant improvement. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 11(4), 438-448.

    Wright, S. (1921). Correlation and causation. J. agric. Res., 20, 557-580.

    Yang, Q., Peng, D., Duan, Z., Wang, Z., & Sun, Q. (2007). Study on pollination biology of Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae). Journal of South China Agricultural University, 28(3), 62-66.

    Zobel, B. J. (1971). The genetic improvement of southern pines. Scientific American, 225(5), 94-103.

    Zobel, B. J., & Van Buijtenen, J. P. (2012). Wood variation: its causes and control. Springer Science & Business Media.

    Zobel, B., & Talbert, J. (1984). Applied forest tree improvement. John Wiley & Sons.

     

Statistics

  • No.of Views (463)
  • PDF Downloads (196)
;