Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 10, Issue 1 : 38-49. Doi : 10.37446/jinagri/rsa/10.1.2023.38-49
Research Article

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Mar-2023

Comparative assessment on quality of life of spices producers and gatherers in Oyo state, Nigeria

  • Adewale O M
  • Spices Research Programme, National Horticultural Research Institute, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Oladeji J O
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Quality of Life (QoL) represents individual’s overall satisfaction with life and is assessed in relation to their concerns, goals, standards and expectations. The study compared the quality of life of spices producers (PDRs) and gatherers (GRRs) in Oyo State, Nigeria. Respondents were selected using multistage sampling procedure. A total of 73 respondents were selected from three local government areas (LGAs) in the state. Quantitative data was collected using interview schedule, the WHOQoL 2011 was used to assess respondents QoL and qualitative data was collected during focus group discussion (FGD). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the resulting data. The study revealed that majority (71.7%) of PDRs was male while majority (90.0%) of GRRs was female. Large household size characterized both categories of respondents. While majority (71.7%) of PDRs had no formal education, 50.0% of GRRs had vocational education. The study revealed that while majority (72.8%) of PDRs had high QoL index, majority (88.0%) of GRRs had low QoL index. A significant relationship was revealed between PDRs marital status, educational attainment (χ2=1.090, p=0.004; χ2=8.292, p=0.040) and QoL; and between GRRs sex (χ2=6.951, p=0.001), household size (r = 0.090, p = 0.03) and QoL. A significant difference was revealed between PDRs and GRRs QoL (t=2.410, p=0.002). Efforts to improve Quality of Life of rural dwellers focusing on improving the capabilities entailed in spices production and gathering for households to flourish is recommended.

Keywords

WHOQoL, spices, producers, gatherers, flourishing

References

  • Adebo, M. G. (2011). Gendered leadership dynamics and rural community development in nigeria: The case study of iyaloja and iyalaje women leaders in ekiti state. Journal of Academic Leadership Fort Hays State University, ISSN 1533 – 781.

    Adewale, O. M., & Oyesola, O. B. (2013). Utilisation of spices in nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal Agricultural and Environmental Science, 13 (8),1150 – 1154.

    Adewale, O. M., Fariyike, T. A., Oladunjoye, M. T., Adebisi-Adelani, O., & Oyesola O. B. (2021). Nigerian farmers sources of information on utilization of spices: An exploratory survey. Continental Journal of Agricultural Science, 15 (1), 1 – 10.

    Adeyonu, A. G., Oni. A., Okoruwa, V. O., & Omonona, B. T. (2012). Seasonality in poverty level of rural farming households in oyo state. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science, 7 (8), 570 – 575.

    Akinpelu, C. A., Adebayo, O. S., Adelaja, B. A., Adesegun, E. A., Aminu-Taiwo, B. R., & Adeoye, I .B. (2011). An economic analysis of spices marketing in three selected states of Nigeria. Research on Crops, 12 (3), 817 – 821.

    Arbuckle, J. G., & Kast C. (2012). Quality of life on the agricultural threadmill: Individual and community determinants of farm family wellbeing. Journal of Rural Social Science, 27 (1), 84 – 113.

    Asante-Addo, C., Mockshe,l J., Siding, K., & Zeller, M. (2016). Agricultural credit provision: What  really determines farmers participation and credit rationing? International conference of the african association of agricultural economists. Sept. 23 – 26th 2016, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa        

    Calgiero, R., Cristiano, S., Pierangeli, F., & Tarangioli, S. (2011). Evaluating the improvement of quality of life in rural areas paper presented for the 122nd EAAE seminar ‘Evidence-based agricultural and rural policy making: Methodological and empirical challenges of policy evaluation’ Ancona, February 17 – 18, 2011, 15p.

    Campbell, A., Kapos, V., Scharteman, J. P., Bubb, P., Chenery, A., Coad, L., Dickson, B., Doswald, N., Khan, M. S. I., Kershaw, F., & Rashid, M. (2009). Review of the literature on the links between biodiversity and climate change: Impacts, adaptation and mitigation. Secretariat of the convention on biological diversity montreal. Technical series No. 42, 124p.

    Dim, E. E., & Asomah, J. Y. (2019). Socio-demographic predictors of political participation among women in nigeria: Insights from afrobarometer 2015 Data. Journal of International Women Studies, 20 (2), 91 – 105.

    Edwards, M., & Matarrita-Cascante, D. (2011). Rurality in leisure research: A review of four major journals. Journal of Leisure Research, 43 (4), 447 - 474.

    Eurostat  (2013). Quality of life indicators. Statistics explained –Education

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN FAO, (2011). Spices and herbs for home and market. Rural infrastructure and agro-allied industries division. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome: Diversification booklet # 20.     

    Magesa, M. M., Kisangiri, M., & Jesuk, O. K. (2014). Access to agricultural market information by rural farmers in tanzania. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research, 4 (7), 264 – 273.

    National Bureau of Statistics (2016). General household Survey-panel wave 3 (post planting), abuja. The NBS Publication.

    Nnamdi-Eruchalu, G. I. (2015). A study of the language of kolanut in traditional igbo setting. Academic Discourse: An International Journal, 169 – 180.

    Oladeji, J. O., & Oyesola O. B. (2011). Use of information and communication technologies among private agricultural organization workers in oyo state, nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Food Information, 12, 258 – 269.

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, (2013). OECD guidelines on measuring subjective wellbeing.  OECD publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264191655-en

    Padulosi, J. (2011). Underutilized species and climate change: current status and outlook. In S.S. Yadav, R.J. Redden, J.L. Hattfield, H. Lotze-Campen, A.E. Hall (eds). Crop adaptation to climate change, first edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

    Paraskevi, T. (2013). Quality of life: Definition and measurement. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 9 (1), 150 – 162.

    Ruzevicius, J. (2014). Quality of life and working life: Conceptions and research.17th Toulon-Verona international conference excellence in services. Aug. 28 – 29, 2014 Conference proceedings liverpool john moores university, Liverpool England. ISBN 9788890432743. 317 - 334 .

    Sen, A. K. (2009). Capability: Reach and limit in E. Chipper-Martinelli (ed) Debating global society. Reach and limit of capabilty approach. Milan, feltrinelli, pp 15 – 28.

    Silverman, I., Choi, J., & Peters, M. (2007). Hunter-gatherer theory of sex differences in spatial abilities: Data from 40 Countries. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36 (2), 261–268.

    Sirgy, M .J. (2018). The Psychology of material wellbeing. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 13, 273 – 301.

    Stiglitz,  J., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, B. (2009). Report by commission on measurement of economic performance and social progress. http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.

    World Health Organization (1993). Study protocol for the world health organization project to develop a quality of life assessment instrument (WHOQOL). Quality Life Research, 2, 153-159.

    World Health Organization (2012). Good health adds life to years – Global brief for world  health day 2012. http://www.who.int/world_health_day/2012

Statistics

  • No.of Views (748)
  • PDF Downloads (228)
;