Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 9, Issue 1 : 1-5. Doi : 10.37446/jinagri/rsn/9.1.2022.1-5
Research Note

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Mar-2022

Phytochemical and proximate compositions of Annona senegalensis flower

  • Aminu Mubarak
  • Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Kebbi State University of Science & Technology, Aliero. P.M.B 1144.
  • Jibrin Naka Keta
  • Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Kebbi State University of Science & Technology, Aliero. P.M.B 1144.
  • Abdullahi Muhammad Tilli
  • Department of Microbiology, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero Nigeria.
  • Shehu Musa
  • Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Kebbi State University of Science & Technology, Aliero. P.M.B 1144.

Abstract

Macro and micronutrients plays a vital role in many metabolic and physiological activities of human body including synthesis of enzymes, monitored growths, and boosts immune and reproductive systems. The Annona senegalensis flowers were obtained from Zuru and Aliero L.G.As farms and subjected to phytochemical and proximate screening using Association of official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) methods. From the results obtained, phytochemical screening shows the presences of flavonoid, saponin, glycosides, alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, steroids and volatile oil while tannins, balsams and anthraquinnes were not detected. The proximate composition revealed the presences of carbohydrate (76.96 ± 0.34), crude protein (8.37 ± 013), moisture contents (7.67 ± 0.76), ash (7.33 ± 0.29), lipid (4.17 ± 0.29) and fiber (3.17) with different values contents. While the results of minerals analyzed showed that, potassium 38.00 ± 1.00 and sodium 36.33 ± 1.53 had the highest values followed by magnesium 3.77 ± 0.15, nitrogen 1.34 ± 0.02, calcium 1.23 ± 0.12 and phosphorus with less value of 1.34 ± 0.02. All these values obtained showed significant increase in micro and macronutrients contents of Annona senegalensis flowers at P>0.05. It was concluded that, Annona senegalensis flowers contains some important elements that have the ability to improve human body, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care and improve on socioeconomic development in the research areas and Kebbi state when properly utilized.

Keywords

Annona senegalensis, flowers, phytochemical, nutrients

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