Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 9, Issue 2 : 1-11. Doi : 10.37446/jinagri/rsa/9.2.2022.1-11
Research Article

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 30-Jun-2022

The quality of white and brown chicken eggs kept under different storage length and storage temperatures

  • Francis Kruenti
  • Farm Animal Technology Development Division, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research – Animal Research Institute, Katamanso, P.o. Box AH 20, Achimota, Accra, Ghana.
  • Julius Kofi Hagan
  • Department of Animal Science, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Maxwell Okai Ansong
  • Farm Animal Technology Development Division, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research – Animal Research Institute, Katamanso, P.o. Box AH 20, Achimota, Accra, Ghana.
  • Vida Korkor Lamptey
  • Farm Animal Technology Development Division, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research – Animal Research Institute, Katamanso, P.o. Box AH 20, Achimota, Accra, Ghana.

Abstract

The work evaluated the effects of egg colour and storage conditions on quality traits of chicken eggs. Methods: 336 eggs were randomly picked from a flock of white and brown hens and classified into 4 groups of storage length (0, 7, 14 and 21 days) and 2 temperature groups (ambient and refrigeration). Data was analysed with the two-way Analysis of Variance embedded in the General Linear Model procedure of Minitab (version 18). Differences in means were separated using the Tukey Pairwise Comparisons Method at 5% significance level. Significantly, the white eggs (58.5g) were heavier than the brown eggs (55.3g). Storage length did not affect egg weight, but eggs stored at room temperature were 1.4g lighter. Shell quality traits were approximately unchanged by egg colour and storage conditions. Egg colour x storage length and egg colour x storage temperature interactions significantly affected egg weight loss but the interactions did not affect the weight of the eggs and the shell quality traits. Egg colour did not affect the albumen height and Haugh unit significantly but the variables decreased as the storage length was increased. Albumen height under refrigeration was higher (8.0mm) than at room temperature (6.1mm). Egg colour and storage conditions significantly influenced yolk height and yolk weight. Albumen weight decreased as the storage was prolonged but was higher under refrigeration (27.3g) than room temperature (25.6g). Egg yolk was deeper in the brown (5.9) than white (3.4) eggs, deeper in the refrigerated eggs but varied irregularly with storage length. The interactions of egg colour and the storage conditions did not affect albumen height, Haugh unit, albumen weight, yolk weight and yolk colour significantly but yolk height was significantly influenced except for the egg colour x storage length interaction. The storage length x storage temperature interaction significantly affected Yolk pH. Eggs should be kept cold, but not more than 7 days because their quality can be affected under inadequate storage conditions.

Keywords

egg quality, storage length, storage temperature, egg colour

References

  • Abanikannda, O. T. F., Olutogun, O., Leigh, A. O., & Ajayi, L. A. (2007). Statistical modelling of egg weight and egg dimension in commercial layers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6(1), 59-63.

    Addo, A., Hamidu, J. A., Ansah, A. Y., & Adomako, K. (2018). Impact of egg storage duration and temperature on egg quality, fertility, hatchability and chick quality in naked neck chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 17(4) 175-183.

    Alsobayel, A. A., & Albadry, M. A. (2011). Effect of storage period and strain of layer on internal and external quality characteristics of eggs marketed in Riyadh area. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 10(1), 41-45.

    Anderson, K. E., Tharrington, J. B., Curtis, P. A., & Jones, F. T. (2004). Shell characteristics of eggs from historic strains of Single Comb White Leghorn chickens and the relationship of egg shape to shell strength. International Journal of Poultry Science, 3(1), 17-19.

    Aygun, A., & Narinc, D. (2016). Effect of egg shell colour on some egg quality in table eggs during storage at refrigerator temperature. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1726(1), 020012. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4945838

    Aygün, A., & Narinç, D. (2017). Differences in internal egg quality characteristics between white and brown shell eggs. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1833, 020058. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981706

    Beardsworth, P. M. (2007). Yolk colour – an important egg quality attribute. International poultry production, 12(5), 17-18.

    Begli, H. E., Zerehdaran, S., Hassani, S., Abbasi, M. A., & Khan Ahmadi, A. R. (2010). Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in Iranian native fowl. British Poultry Science, 51(6), 740-744.

    Blanco, A. E., Icken, W., Ould-Ali, D., Cavero, D., & Schmutz, M. (2014). Genetic parameters of egg quality traits on different pedigree layers with special focus on dynamic stiffness. Poultry Science, 93(10), 2457-2463.

    Chepkemoi, M., Macharia, J. W., Sila, D., Oyier, P., Malaki, P., Ndiema, E., Agwanda, B., Obanda, V., Ngeiywa, K. J., Lichoti, J., & Ommeh, S. C. (2017). Physical characteristics and nutritional composition of meat and eggs of five poultry species in Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 29(8), 153.

    Curtis, P. A., Gardner, F. A., & Mellor, D. B. (1986). A comparison of selected quality and compositional characteristics of brown and white shell eggs. I. Shell quality. Poultry Science, 65(3), 297-301.

    De Oliveira, B. L., & De Oliveira, D. D. (2013). Egg quality and technology. (Ed. 1) (pp. 223). Lavras, MG: UFLA.

    Dudusola, I. O. (2009). Effects of storage methods and length of storage on some quality parameters of Japanese quail eggs. Tropicultura, 27(1), 45-48.

    Ewonetu, K. S., & Negassi, A. Z. (2016). Evaluation of External and Internal Quality of Chicken Table Eggs at Retailers in Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Animal Science Advances, 6(5), 1642-1649

    Eyesus, T. W. (2018). Performance of farmer managed Bovans brown layers fed on different locally available rations. (Master’s thesis). Mekelle University, Ethiopia. https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/97029/thesis_eyesus_2018. df?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

    FAO (2012). World Egg Day. http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/home/en/news_archive/2012_World_Egg_Day_2012.html

    Feddern, V., Celant De Prá, M., Mores, R., Rodrigo, S. N., Coldebella, A., & Abreu, P. G. (2017). Egg quality assessment at different storage conditions, seasons and laying hen strains. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 41(3), 322-333.

    Genchev, A. (2012). Quality and composition of Japanese quail eggs (Coturnix japonica). Trakia Journal of Sciences, 10(2), 91-101.

    Grashorn, M., Juergens, A., & Bessei, W. (2016). Effects of storage conditions on egg quality. Lohmann Information, 50(1), 26-27.

    Hagan, J. K., & Eichie, F. O. (2019). Egg quality of two-layer strains as influenced by extended storage periods and storage temperatures. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 31 (9), 145.

    Hagan, J. K., Adjei, I. A., & Baah, A. (2013). Effects of extended period of storage and strain of layer on quality of chicken eggs. Journal of Science and Technology, 33(2), 1-11.

    Halaj, M., & Golian, J. (2011). Table eggs characteristics (pp. 37-62). Nitra, Slovak: Garmond.

    Hanusová, E., Hrnčár, C., Hanus, A., & Oravcová, M. (2015). Effect of breed on some parameters of egg quality in laying hens. Acta fytotechnology. zootechnology, 18(1), 20-24.

    Haugh, H. (1937). The Haugh unit for measuring egg quality. The U.S. Egg &Poultry Magazine, 43(1), 552-555, 572-573.

    International Egg Foundation (2014). New International Egg Foundation Launched to help combat malnutrition in developing countries. https://www.internationalegg.com/corporate/news/details.asp?nid=924

    Jin Y. H, Lee, K. T., Lee, W. I., & Han, Y. K. (2011). Effects of Storage Temperature and Time on the Quality of Eggs from Laying Hens at Peak Production. Asian Australian Journal of Animal Science, 24(2), 279-284.

    Jones, D. R., Tharrington, J. B., Curtis, P. A., Anderson, K. E., Keener, K. M., & Jones, F. T. (2002). Effect of cryogenic cooling of shell eggs on egg quality. Poultry Science, 81(5), 727-733.

    Keener, K. M., LaCrosse, J. D., & Babson, J. K. (2001). Chemical method for determination of carbon dioxide content in egg yolk and egg albumen. Poultry Science, 80(7), 983-987.

    Kgwatalala, P. M., Molapisi, M., Thutwa, K., Sekgopi, B., Selemoge, T. P., & Nsoso, S. J. (2016). Egg quality characteristics and phenotypic correlations among egg quality traits in the naked neck, normal and dwarf strains of Tswana chickens raised under intensive management system. International Journal of Environmental & Agriculture Research, 2(8), 96-105.

    Khan, A. J. A., Khan, S. H., Bukhsh, A., Abbass, M. I., & Javed, M. (2013). Effect of different storage period on egg weight internal egg quality and hatchability characteristics of Fayumi eggs. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 12(2), 51.

    Khan, M. J. A., Khan, S. H., Bukhsh, A., & Amin, M. (2014). The effect of storage time on egg quality and hatchability characteristics of Rhode Island Red (RIR) hens. Veterinary Archives, 84(3), 291-303.

    Kruenti, F. (2020). Relationship between external and internal egg quality traits of chicken layers as influenced by genetic and non-genetic factors. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. https://ir.ucc.edu.gh/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/7264/KRUENTI%2c%202020.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

    Kruenti, F., Lamptey, V.K., Okai, M.A., Adu-Aboagye, G., Oduro-Owuso, A.D., Bebanaayele, F., & Suurbessig, B. (2022). The influence of flock age and egg size on egg shape index, hatchability and growth of japanese quail chicks. Journal of Innovative Agriculture9(1), 8-16.

    Kumari, A., Tripathi, U. K., Maurya, V., & Kumar, M. (2020).  Internal quality changes in eggs during storage. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 9(4), 615-624.

    Ledvinka, Z., Tůmová, E., Arent, E., Holoubek. J., Klesalová, L. (2000). Egg shell quality in some white-egg and brown-egg cross combinations of dominant hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 45(6), 285-288.

    Ledvinka, Z., Zita, L., & Klesalová, L. (2012). Egg quality and some factors influencing it: a review. Scientia Agriculturae Boichemica, 43(1), 46-52.

    Leyendecker, M., Hamann, H., Hartung, J., Kamphues, J., Ring, C., Gluender, G., Ahlers, C., Sander, I., Neumann, U., & Distl, O. (2001b). Analysis of genotype-environment interactions between layer lines and housing systems for performance traits, egg quality and bone breaking strength. 2nd communication: Egg quality traits. Zuchtungskunde, 73(4), 308-323.

    Leyendecker, M., Hamann, H., Hartung, J., Kamphues, J., Ring, C., Gluender, G., Ahlers, C., Sander, I., Neumann, U., & Distl, O. (2001a). Analysis of genotype-environment interactions between layer lines and housing systems for performance traits, egg quality and bone breaking strength - 1st communication: Performance traits. Züchtungskunde, 73(3), 290-307.

    Mackie, I. M. (1993). The effects of freezing on flesh proteins. Food Reviews International, 9(4), 575-610.

    Markos, S., Belay, B., & Astatkie, T. (2017). Evaluation of egg quality traits of three indigenous chicken ecotypes kept under farmers’ management conditions. International Journal of Poultry Science, 16(5), 180-188.

    Marwa, M. M. (2015). Effects of freezing storage on the biochemical composition in muscles of Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) comparing with imported frozen. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3(2), 295-299.

    Miranda, J. M., Anton, X., Redondo-Valbuena, C., Roca-Saavedra, P., Rodriguez, J. A., Lamas, A., Franco, C. M., & Cepeda, A. (2015). Egg and egg derived foods. Effects on human health and use as functional foods. Nutrients, 7(1), 706-729.

    Monira, K. N., Salahuddin, M., & Gous, G. (2003). Effects of breed and holding period on egg quality characteristics of chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science, 2(4), 261-263.

    Narushin, V. G., & Romanov, M. N. (2002). Egg physical characteristics and hatchability. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 58(3), 297-303.

    Nonga, H. E., Kanjuna, F. F., Ngomi, H. A., & Karimuribo, E. D. (2010). Physical egg quality characteristics of free-range local chickens in Mogorogoro Municipality, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 22(12). http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd22/12/nong22218.htm

    Olugbenga A. O., Akinola, Y. P. O., Mutiu, O. O., & Emem, A. E. (2015). Proximate composition and physical characteristics of eggs from laying chickens fed different proprietary vitamin-mineral premixes under two rearing systems during storage. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering, 5(1), 59-67.

    Padhi, M. K., Chatterjee, R. N., Haunshi, S., & Rajkumar, U. (2013). Effect of age on egg quality in chicken. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 48(1), 122-125.

    Perić, L., Stojčić, M. Đ., & Bjedov. S. (2017). The effect of storage and age of hens on the quality of table eggs. Advanced Research in Life Sciences, 1(1), 64-67.

    Reijrink, I., Meijerhof, R., Kemp, B., & Van den Brand, H. (2008). The chicken embryo and its micro-environment during egg storage and early incubation. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 64(4), 581-598.

    Rizzi, C., & Marangon, A. (2012). Quality of organic eggs of hybrid and Italian breed hens. Poultry Science, 91(9), 2330-2340.

    Ryu, K. N., No, H. K., & Prinyawiwatkul, W. (2011). Internal quality and shelf life of eggs coated with oils from different sources. Journal of Food Science, 76(5), 325-329.

    Samli, H. E., Agma, A., & Senkoylu, N. (2005). Effects of storage time and temperature on egg quality in old laying hens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14(3), 548-553.

    Seidler, E. (2003). FAO, egg marketing. A guide for the production and sale of eggs. Agricultural Services Bullet. 150, Rome, Italy.

    Shafey, A. A., Alsobayel, A. A., Al-Mohsen, T. H., & Al-Batshan, H. A. (2002). Effects of eggshell pigmentation and egg size on the spectral properties and characteristics of egg shell of meat and layer breeder eggs. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, 15(2), 297-302.

    Shenouda, S. Y. K. (1980). Theories of protein denaturation during frozen storage of fish flesh. Advances in Food Research, 26(1), 275-311.

    Silversides, F. G., & Scott, T. A. (2000). Effect of storage and layer age on quality of eggs from two lines of hens. Poultry Science, 80(8), 1240-1245.

    Sinha, B., Mandal, K. G., & Kumari, R. (2017). Effect of egg weight on egg quality traits of laying hens. International Journal Pure and Applied. Bioscience, 5(3), 293-300.

    Sogunle, O. M., Ayoade, A. A., Fafiolu, A. O., Bello, K. O., Ekunseitan, D. A., Safiyu, K. K., & Odutayo, O. J. (2017). Evaluation of external and internal traits of eggs from three poultry species at different storage durations in tropical environment. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 19(2), 177-189.

    Suk, Y. O., & Park, C. (2001). Effect of breed and age of hens on the yolk to albumen ratio in two different genetic stocks. Poultry Science, 80(7), 855-858

    Tabidi, M. H. (2011). Impact of storage period and quality on composition of Table egg. Advances in Environmental Biology, 5(5), 856-861.

    Tilki, M., & Inal, S. (2004a). Quality traits of goose eggs. 1. Effects of goose age and storage time of eggs. Archives Für Geflugelk., 68(4), 182-186.

    Tilki, M., & Inal, S. (2004b). Quality traits of goose eggs. 2. Effects of goose origin and storage time of eggs. Archives Für Geflugelk., 68(5), 230-234.

    Tilki, M., & Saatci, M. (2004). Effects of storage time on external and internal characteristics in partridge (Alectoris graeca) eggs. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 155(11), 561-564.

    Tůmová, E., Vlčková, J., & Chodová, D. (2017). Differences in oviposition and egg quality of various genotypes of laying hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 62(9), 377-383.

    United States Department of Agriculture (2000). United States standards, grades, and weight classes for shell eggs (Agricultural Research Note RN 23 12/99). Washington, D.C., USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

    Van Niekerk, T. (2014): Egg quality. Low Input Breeds technical note. www.lowinputbreeds.org

    Yamak, U. S., Sarica, M., Boz, M. A., & Ucar, A. (2016). The effect of eggshell thickness on hatching traits of partridges. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 8(Special Issue, Quails), 13-18.

    Zeidler, G. (2002). Shell quality and preservation. In D. D. Bell & W. D. Jr. Weaver (Ed.), Commercial chicken meat and egg production 5th Review (pp. 1199-1217). Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    Zhang, W., Zheng, J. X., & Xu, G. Y. (2011). Toward better control of salmonella contamination by taking advantage of the egg’s self-defence system: a review. Journal of Food Science, 76(3), 76-81.

Statistics

  • No.of Views (541)
  • PDF Downloads (229)
;