Journal of Innovative Agriculture, Volume 1, Issue 1 : 7-15. Doi :10.37446/jinagri/1.1.2014.7-15
Research Article

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 30-Dec-2014

Zeolite- based slow release nanoformulation influencing soil fertility

  • P Selva Preetha
  • Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Directorate of Natural Resource Management, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003.
  • K S Subramanian
  • Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Directorate of Natural Resource Management, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003.


A pot culture experiment was conducted to assess the relative performance of fertilizer composites developed using conventional fertilizers and zeolite based nano formulations in the recommended proportions of N, P, K, S, Zn, B and Mo using greengram as test crop. The plants were fertilized with 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 % of the conventional or nano-fertilizer formulations. Before fortification the Zeolite were subjected to size reduction and modified by using hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, a cationic surfactant, to modify its surface to increase its capacity to retain anions. During the experiment soil samples were collected and assessed for its nutrient status besides biochemical properties and microbial population. The result shows that the physical and chemical properties of conventional fertilizer applied and nano-fertilizer formulation applied soils were significantly differs in terms of bulk density, particle density, porosity, pH, EC and CEC. The biochemical properties such as water soluble carbon and biomass carbon then biological properties like microbial populations in soils are measured in end of the experiment shows the significant response to added conventional or nano-fertilizer. Pot culture study also confirms that the soil available nutrients responded well for nano-zeolite. Higher biological activities in nano-fertilizer fertilized soil reached within 25 or 50% of the nanofertilizer in comparison to conventional fertilizer.


Nano-fertilizer, Soil fertility, Zeolite, Fortification


  • Andronikashvili, T., Urushadze, T., Eprikashvili, L. and Gamisonia, M. 2008. Towards the           biological activity of the natural zeolite –            clinoptilolite-   containing tuff. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci., 2: 65-68.

    Breck, D.W. 1974. Zeolite Molecular SieVes; John   Wiley   & Sons: New York.

    Broos, K., Warne, J., Heemsbergen, D.A., Stevens, D., Barnes, M.B., Correll, R.L. and    Mclaughlin, M.J.             2007. Soil factors        controlling the toxicity of       copper and zinc           to microbial processes in             Australian Soils.          Environ. Toxi. Chem., 26(4): 583–590.

    Faghihian, H. and Bowman, R.S. 2005. Adsorption of         chromate by clinoptilolite exchanged with     various metal cations. Water Res., 39: 1099-   1104.

    Guptha, R.P. and Dhakshinamurthi, C. 1980.            Procedures for Physical analysis of soils and             collection of Agrometerological Data division   of agricultural physics. IARI, New Delhi.

    Haggerty, M.G. and Bowman, S.R. 1994. Sorptsion             of chromate and other inorganic anions by     organo-zeolite. Environ. Sci. Techn., 28: 452–           458.

    He, Z.L., Calvert, D.V., Alva, A.K., Li, Y.C. and     Banks, D.J. 2002. Clinoptilolite zeolite and   cellulose amendments to reduce ammonia        volatilization in a calcareous sandy soil. Plant            Soil., 247: 253-260.

    Huang, Z.T. and Petrovic, A.M. 1994. Clinoptilolite             zeolite influence on nitrate leaching and        nitrogen use efficiency in simulated sand         based golf greens. J. Environ. Qual., 23:        1190-1194.

    Jackson, M. 1973. Soil chemical Analysis. Pentice Hall         of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

    Jenkinson, D.S and Powlson. 1976. The effects of    biocidal treatments in metabolism in soil. The             decomposition of fumigated organisms in soil.          Soil Biol. Bio-Chem., 8: 209-213.

    Li, J., Zhang, R. and Zhen, L. 2005. Effect of           phosphorus on plant growth and phosphorus             uptake and use efficiency in different soybean     cultivars. Plant Nutri. Fert. Sci., 3(4): 22-23.

    Liu, M., Liang, R., Liu, F. and Niu, A. 2006. Synthesis        of a slow release and superabsorbent nitrogen             fertilizer and its properties. Polym. Adv. Tech.,          17: 430-438.

    Markus Puschenreiter and Othmar Horak. 2003.       Slow-release zeolite-bound zinc and copper   fertilizers affect cadmium concentration in       wheat and spinach. Communications in Soil Sci. Pl. Analysis., 34(2): 31–40.

    Mazur, G.A., Medvid, G.K. and Gvigora, I.T. 1986.            Use of natural zeolite to increase the fertilizer           of coarse soils. Soviet Soil Sci., 16(4): 105-         111.

    McGill, W.B., Shield, J.A. and Poul, E.A. 1975. Relation    between carbon and nitrogen turnover in soil             organic fractions of microbial origin. Soil Boil.          Biochem., 15: 251-256.

    Milosevic, T. and Milosevic, N. 2009. The effect of zeolite, organic and inorganic fertilizers on    soil chemical properties, growth and biomass          yield of apple trees. Plant Soil Environ., 55: 528–535.

    Ming, D.W. and Boettinger, J.L. 2001. Zeolites in    soil environments. In: Natural Zeolites:          Occurrence, Properties, Applications (eds Bish, D.L. and Ming, D.W.). Rev. Mineral    Geochem., 45: 323–345.

    Mühlbachová, G. and Šimon, T. 2003. Effects of      zeolite amendment on microbial biomass and            respiratory activity in heavy metal            contaminated soils. Plant Soil Environ., 49:   536–541.

    Navrotsky, A. 2004. Environmental nanoparticles. In:          Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanosci.       Nanotechnol., 2: 1147-1156.

    Noori, M., Zendehdel, M. and Ahmadi, A. 2006.      Using   natural zeolite for the improvement of           soil salinity and crop yield. Toxicol. Environ.        Chem., 88: 77-84.

    Notario del Pino, J.S., Arteaga Padron, I.J.,   Gonzalez Martin, M.M. and Garcia    Hernandez, J.E. 1994. Response of alfalfa to a phillipsite-based slow-release fertilizer.          Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 25: 2231–      2245.

    Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.L., Watanabe, F.S. and Dean,   D.A. 1954. Estimation of available    phosphorus in soils by extraction with            sodium bicarbonate. USDA, Circ, 939p.

    Paramananthan. S. 2000. Soils of Malaysia: Their      characteristics and Identification. Academy of          Science Malaysia, Malaysia., 1: 55-62.

    Piper, C.S. 1966. Soil and Plant analysis. Hans         Publishers, Bombay.

    Shetal, A.S., Falatah, A.M., Al-Sewailem, M.S.,       Khaled, E.M. and Sallam, A.S.H. 2003.        Sorption characteristics of zinc and iron by      natural zeolite and bentonite. Microporous    and Mesoporous Mat., 61: 127–136.

    Stanford, S. and English, L. 1949. A use of Flame    Photometer in rapid soil tests of K and Ca.    Agron. J., 41: 446-447.

    Stead, K., Oukil, S.K. and Ward, N.I. 2010. Natural            zeolites - remediation technology for the 21st             century?. Bioresource Tech., 72: 113-119.

    Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, G.L. 1956. A rapid            procedures for estimation of available nitrogen          in soils. Current Sci., 25: 259-260.

    Subramanian, K.S. and Rahale, S. 2009. Synthesis of           nanofertiliser formulations for balanced         nutrition. Proceedings of the Indian society of    soil science-platinum Jubilee celebration.       IARI, Campus, New Delhi. 85p.

    Vestberg. M. and Kukkonen, S. 2008. Performance of         AM fungi in peat substrates in greenhouse and             field studies. COST 870 Meeting “From       production to application of arbuscular          mycorrhizal fungi in agricultural systems: a        multidisciplinary approach”, Denmark.

    Vosatka, M. and Gryndler, M. 2000. Response of     micropropagated potatoes transplanted to peat          media to post-vitro inoculation with      arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil bacteria.           Appl. Soil Ecol., 15: 145-152.

    Yang, S., Navrotsky, A. and Wilkin, R. 2001.           Thermodynamics of ionexchanged and natural             clinoptilolite. Am. Mineral., 86: 438–             447.


  • No.of Views (74)
  • PDF Downloads (23)