The aim of this study is to measure agricultural engineering students knowledge and consuming habits for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) who are coming from different regions of Turkey. 35 % of respondents family members consume MAPs; furthermore, 45 % of them gather information about MAPs from internet or news. Supermarkets are frequently preferred places for buying MAPs (52 %). Respondents consume these plants especially when they get sick (45%). Peppermint is mostly used for curing the illnesses. Moreover, Thyme is mostly used to prevent illnesses and Linden is used both for prevention and curement. Another finding is that the difference between students who are taking the course in the university and who are not. It can be said that means if consumers can access information about MAP’s they will increase their consumption.
Increased participation of smallholder farmers in the output market shall go a long way in improvement of livelihood and sustainable agricultural development. However, there is dearth of information about factors influencing market participation of plantain farmers in the study area. Factors influencing participation of Plantain farmers in the output market in two local government areas of Osun state, Nigeria were studied. A multistage stage sampling approach was adopted to select a sample of 97 plantain farmers. Primary data on socioeconomic characteristics yield and constraints to market participation were collected using semi-structured questionnaires. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Probit regression and Household Commercialization Index (HCI). Findings showed that majority of the farmers (81.4%) participated in Plantain market. Result of the Probit regression revealed that marital status, household size, access to market information, farmer’s age and farm size were the factors influencing participation of the smallholder’s plantain farmers in the market. The most important constraints to market participation in the study area were inefficient transport system and bad road (94%).The study therefore brings to the fore that increasing farm size should be accompanied with appropriate capacity building and deeper knowledge of production and market forces at farmer’s level.
The study aimed to analyze the trend in grapes, economics of grape production, resource use efficiency and constraints. Results revealed that area under grape cultivation is decreasing over a decade by 1.17 per cent. The production and productivity also declined by 10.16 and 9.55 per cent, per annum, respectively. Total cost of grape cultivation (Panneer variety) was about Rs. 3.20, Rs.3.60 and Rs.1.50 lakh per ha in Theni, Coimbatore and Dindigul districts, respectively. Net income per ha was Rs. 3.74 lakhs, Rs.2.97 lakhs and Rs.2.09 lakhs for the samples districts. Age of vine yard, FYM and phosphorus are the factors that have positive and significant influence on the yield of grapes. Pest and disease infestation, labour problem, water scarcity, price fluctuation and lack of price information were the major constraints faced by the gape farmers. The study suggested that grape growers association may provide price information and research should focus on developing new high yielding variety that are resistant to disease infestation and tolerant to local climatic condition.