Volume 11 Issue 1 (2024)

Research Article

  • Evaluation of different Pole French Bean genotypes in Lamjung, Nepal

  • Anubhav Tripathi, Mamata Pandey,

    OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Mar-2024 | Doi :10.37446/jinagri/rsa/11.1.2024.1-11 | Pages : 1-11

    Background: Yield, being a quantitative trait, is influenced by multiple yield-related traits and environmental factors. The objective of this research is to have an effective comparison of the different released, registered, popular, and local bean varieties at different growth stages, as well as to determine their yield potential for commercial production in Sundarbazar, Lamjung, and similar mid-hill conditions.

    Methods: Consequently, twelve varieties of pole-type French bean, viz., Trishuli, Chaumase, Semi Light Long, Green Long Bean, LB-31, LB-37, Madhav, Chinese Long, Rato Makai Simi, Khairo Makai Simi, Kalo Makai Simi, and Kalo Simi, were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with three replications at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Sundarbazar, Lamjung, Nepal.

    Results: The varieties under study showed significant differences in morphological, phenological, and yield parameters. Semi Light Long had the highest pod number per plant (44.76), yield per plant (289.13 g), and yield per plot (5726.83 g), at par with Chaumase Simi for pod number per plant (42.03) and yield per plant (244.48 g). The highest pod weight was observed in LB-31 (6.75 g) at par with Semi Light Long (6.38 g), Green Long Bean (6.33 g), Chinese Long (5.96 g), Madhav (5.94 g), and Chaumase (5.76 g). Kalo Simi had the earliest flowering (41 DAS), the earliest harvest (67 DAS), and the greatest harvest duration (16 days). Green long bean had the highest plant height (187.64 cm), at par with Semi Light Long (178.23 cm) and LB-31 (174.31 cm), and the highest pod length (13.98 cm) at par with LB-31 (13.82 cm).

    Conclusion: Based on the results obtained, Semi Light Long would be the best variety to recommend for commercial cultivation in Sundarbazar, Lamjung, and other similar mid-hill environments.

  • Phytochemical analysis through GC-MS in Mimosa pudica

  • Jaivenkat Srinivasan, Linsa Raani Anand, Gunaseelan Poochandiran, Tharun Aravinthan Sankar, Nitheeshwaran Thayuman, Ambika Singaram, Bharathi Raja Ramadoss, Dhanarajan Arulbalachandran, Selvakumar Gurunathan,

    OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Mar-2024 | Doi :10.37446/jinagri/rsa/11.1.2024.12-17 | Pages : 12-17

    Background: The aim of the study to identify the photochemical present in the Mimosa pudica plant present in the premises of SRM College of Agricultural Sciences, Chengalpattu district, Tamil Nadu, India. 

    Methods: Leaves, stem and root samples were used for the methanol extraction and the crude extract was subjected into the GCMS analysis. 

    Results: The results revealed the presence of Mome inositol; Guanosine; 3-o-methyl-D-fructose; Ether butyl isopentyl; Methyl.beta.-d-ribofuranoside; 3,4-Dichloroatropine etc., in the plant parts.

    Conclusion: This study to be carried out to find out the maximum number of compounds present in this plant through the derivatization process.

  • Young tree performance of grapefruit varieties (Citrus paradisi Macf.) under central Indian conditions

  • Thirugnanavel Anbhazagan, Ashutosh Murkute, Indra Pal Singh, Indra Pal Singh, Prasanth Tejkumar, R.K. Sonkar, Prafulla Jalamkar,

    OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 31-Mar-2024 | Doi :10.37446/jinagri/rsa/11.1.2024.18-23 | Pages : 18-23

    Background: Grapefruit is one of the important citrus species commercially cultivated worldwide. Recently, it is gaining popularity in India. Identification of regional specific suitable varieties is important. Keeping in this view, an experiment was conducted at Research Farm, ICAR-Central Citrus Research Institute, Nagpur to evaluate performance of grapefruit varieties under Central India conditions.

    Methods: Seven grapefruit varieties viz. NRCC Grapefruit – 6, Flame, Star Ruby, Red Blush, Marsh Seedless, Foster and Imperial budded on Rough lemon rootstock were planted at a spacing of 5 x 5 m during 2017. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. The observations on plant growth, yield, and quality parameters were recorded during 2023.

    Results: The analysis of the data suggested that significant differences were found among the grapefruit varieties for the traits studied. The highest plant height was found in Red Blush (1.71 m) followed by Marsh Seedless (1.60 m). However, the highest canopy volume was found Red Blush (4.84 m3) followed by Marsh Seedless (3.51 m3), which were at par. Among seven varieties, the highest fruit weight was found in NRCC Grapefruit 6 (470.67 g) followed by Red Blush (370.00 g) and Flame Grapefruit (319.33 g). The highest TSS was found in Foster (8.60 0Brix) and NRCC Grapefruit-6 (8.60 0Brix). The highest juice content was in NRCC Grapefruit-6 (37.79 %). There was no significant difference was found for number of fruits tree-1 and the highest yield was recorded in Red Blush (5.87 kg/tree) which was at par with Flame (5.71 kg/tree).

    Conclusion: Based on the findings from first year of fruiting, NRCC grapefruit-6, Red Blush and Flame grapefruit are performing better at the initial stage of bearing.